ESTONIA: Tier 1
The Government of Estonia fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government continued to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts during the reporting period, considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, if any, on its anti-trafficking capacity; therefore Estonia remained on Tier 1. These efforts included investigating and prosecuting more trafficking cases and convicting more traffickers under Section 133 of the penal code. In addition, the government issued a regulation granting third-country nationals temporary stay; extended the permissible length of short-term foreign worker employment; and amended the Aliens Act to enable foreigners with short-term work visas in specified industries to continue working past the expiration of their visas. Furthermore, the government increased funding for victims’ support services, courts ordered traffickers to pay restitution to trafficking victims, and the Police and Border Guard implemented a tool to identify trafficking indicators among asylum-seekers. Although the government meets the minimum standards, only 43 percent of convicted traffickers received sufficiently stringent sentences, and authorities identified fewer trafficking victims. Moreover, authorities struggled to quantify the number of child trafficking victims involved in criminal cases.