Welcome to American Citizen Services at the U.S. Embassy in Tallinn, Estonia. We provide services for United States Citizens in Estonia. We are open for appointments Monday to Friday. We are closed to the public on U.S. and Estonian Public Holidays.
Apply for Citizenship
Applicants seeking to register the birth of an American Child, and obtain a passport for that child, are required to make an appointment with the Consular Section. This page provides information only for U.S. citizens who wish to obtain a citizenship document and first-time passport for a child born in Estonia. (If you wish to obtain a first-time passport for a child born in the United States, or for a child born in another country other than Estonia, please contact the Consular Section for more information).
Before a first-time passport can be issued to a child born in Estonia to an American parent, the Consul must determine whether the child is a U.S. citizen from birth. If so, the child can be issued a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (Form FS-240), which is a certificate stating that the child is a U.S. citizen from birth, even though he/she was born outside of the United States. The fee for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad is $100, payable at the time you visit the Consular Section, which can be paid in cash U.S. dollars, the cash equivalent in Euro, or with certain credit cards. If the parents also wish to obtain a first-time passport as well, the cost of the child’s passport is an additional $105.
To apply for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad, both parents should come in person with the child. (See below if one parent must be absent.)
Please present the following items:
- Completed Form DS-2029 (PDF 52 KB). Please do not sign the form until instructed to do so by the Consul.
- Child’s original Estonian birth certificate translated into English. (The English version can be obtained at the Office of Vital Statistics (Perekonnaseisuamet). We will make copies and return the original to you).
- Passports for both parents. An American parent who is a dual national must present a U.S. passport.
- Proof of the parents’ relationship prior to the child’s conception, such as a marriage certificate or a previous child’s birth certificate.
- The Consul may ask for additional evidence of the birth, such as pre-natal records and hospital records.
- In some cases evidence of the U.S. citizen parent’s residence in the United States prior to the birth of the child.
To apply for a passport as well, also please present the following additional items:
- DS-11: Application for a U.S. Passport. Passport forms.
- Please do not sign the form until instructed to do so by the Consul.
- One passport photo (no more than 6 months old), 2 inches (5 cm) square with a white background. The child should have eyes open looking straight at the camera.
- If the child has an Estonian (or other) passport, please bring it for identification purposes (and please read our information on dual nationality).
If one parent cannot be present, a signed & notarized Form DS-3053 accompanied by photocopy of absent parent’s photo ID with signature must be brought to the Consul. If one parent has sole legal custody, or the absent parent is not available due to death, disappearance, etc., please contact the Consular Section to address the matter with the Consul.
Please read more information provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Where to Write for Vital Records.
Find information about renouncing your U.S. citizenship on the travel.state.gov website.
Loss of U.S. citizenship is a serious and irrevocable act which deserves your thoughtful consideration. It is imperative that you fully understand the nature of its consequences prior to requesting a Certificate of Loss of Nationality. If you decide that this is the course of action you wish to pursue, there are several steps you need to take including arranging an appointment to come into the Embassy to sign the Loss of Citizenship documentation in the presence of a Consular Officer. Please note that the Statement of Understanding clearly states that the action you are taking is irrevocable.
Remember that expatriation is a personal right and can never be exercised by another person (including parents and/or legal guardians).
If you would like to proceed by making an appointment with a consular officer to renounce your citizenship, please send us an email at ACStallinn@state.gov
While American law does not specifically recognize dual nationality, neither does it explicitly prohibit it. Accordingly, many U.S. citizens hold passports issued by other countries.
Although Estonian law generally does not permit dual nationality, Estonian law also provides that a person who has the right to Estonian citizenship from birth cannot have his/her citizenship taken away. Accordingly, a number of individuals who have claims to Estonian citizenship from birth carry both Estonian and U.S. passports (such as Estonians who move to the United States and naturalize as U.S. citizens). Any other U.S. citizen who does not have a claim to Estonian citizenship from birth, but who wishes to naturalize as an Estonian citizen, could risk losing his/her U.S. citizenship. Any U.S. citizen who is considering pursuing this process is encouraged to speak to a Consul in order to understand the full consequences of such action. Please note that to become a resident of Estonia (obtaining an “elamisluba”) has no effect on one’s U.S. citizenship.
According to Section 215 of the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1185), it is illegal for a U.S. citizen to enter or leave the U.S. on anything other than a U.S. passport. This applies to dual citizens as well, meaning that persons holding e.g. both Estonian and U.S. citizenships and passports must enter and leave the U.S. on a U.S. passport. They may not enter/leave the U.S. on an Estonian passport. This applies to children as well as adults.
Please read the Department of State’s general discussion of dual nationality.
Estonian Visa and Residency Information
Estonia is a party to the Schengen Agreement, which eliminates all internal border controls between the 25 member countries. In general, U.S. citizens can visit the Schengen zone for tourism or business for 90 days within a six month period. For a comprehensive review of the Schengen zone requirements, please visit the Department of State’s Schengen Fact Sheet.
Residency permits are issued by the Estonian Citizenship and Migration Board, which is a part of the Police.
Please note that the Estonian government has made changes in resident permit applications and renewals. Stricter rules are now in place before your application is approved. Make sure you check the below Migration board web-site carefully well in advance of the expiration of the current permit, if you are applying for renewal.
Unfortunately, the U.S. Embassy cannot contact the Board on behalf of American citizens.